Tag: Methodology المنهاج

Ibn Abbas on Knowledge: Learn from many sources, but blindly follow no one

September 23, 2016

Sa’eed ibn Al-Musayyib reported: Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “Take knowledge wherever you find it and do not unquestioningly accept the opinion jurists have of one another. Indeed, they differ with each other like goats in a pen.” Source: Jāmi’ Bayān al-‘Ilm 1308 عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيِّبِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ […]

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Ibn Mas’ud on Fatwa: Whoever issues religious judgments about all issues is senseless

March 21, 2016

Ibn Al-Qayyim reported: Ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “Whoever issues a judgment (fatwa) to people about everything that he is asked, then he is foolish.” Ibn Sireen, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “For a man to die ignorant is better for him than to speak about what he does […]

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Malik on Istihsan: Seeking the best ruling is nine tenths of knowledge

March 9, 2016

Az-Zarkashi reported: Malik ibn Anas, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “Seeking the best option (istihsan) is nine tenths of knowledge.” Al-Baji said, “Seeking the best option as applied by the Maliki scholars means to seek the opinion that is based on the stronger of two indications in the text.” Source: al-Baḥr al-Muḥīṭ 2/97 […]

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Ibn Al-Jawzi on Hadith: How to recognize a narration is weak or fabricated

January 19, 2016

Ibn Al-Jawzi said, “If you find a prophetic narration disagreeing with sound reason, contradicting established revelation, or conflicting with the principles, then know that it is inauthentic.” As-Suyuti said, “The meaning of conflicting with the principles is that it falls outside the literature of Islam, the transmitted sciences and the famous books.” Source: Tadrīb al-Rāwī […]

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Ash-Shafi’ee on Leadership: You have to achieve understanding before leadership

January 7, 2016

Al-Bayhaqi reported: Ash-Shafi’ee, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “You must achieve understanding before leadership. If you achieve leadership first, there will be no way to achieve understanding.” Source: Madkhal ila Sunan 271 عن البيهقي قال الشافعي رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ تَفَقَّهْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَرَأَّسَ فَإِذَا تَرَأَّسْتَ فَلا سَبِيلَ إِلَى التَّفَقُّهِ 271 المدخل إلى السنن […]

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Ahmad on Apocrypha: Many books of history and exegesis have no reliable foundation

January 5, 2016

Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi reported: Ahmad ibn Hanbal, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “Three types of books have no basis: chronicles of military history, great battles at the end of time, and Quranic exegesis (tafseer).” Al-Khateeb said, “These words should be understood at face value as they are. The meaning is that there are some […]

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Ibn Al-Qayyim on Context: The scholar must consider the context to issue a true ruling

February 15, 2015

Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “Neither a scholar nor a judge can issue a ruling (fatwa) by the truth unless he has two types of understanding. First, understanding the context and deriving the reality of what occurred through gathering facts and signs until he achieves comprehensive knowledge. Second, understanding the religious obligation related to the context and […]

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Ibn Al-Qayyim on Fatwa: Islamic rulings and judgments may change by time, place, and condition

September 25, 2014

Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “As for knowing the condition of people, this is a tremendous principle required of the scholar and judge. For if he does not have a proper understanding of commanding and forbidding and then he applies one judgment over another, it will cause more harm than benefit. Indeed, if he does not understand the […]

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Abu Bakr on Decapitation: Do you follow the way of the Romans and Persians?

August 19, 2014

Uqbah ibn Amir reported: He came to Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, with a severed head and Abu Bakr condemned it. Uqbah said, “O Caliph of the Messenger of Allah, they do that to us!” Abu Bakr said, “So you follow the way of the Persians and Romans? Rather, do not come to […]

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Ash-Shafi’ee on Faith: True faith is words and actions, a debate with the Murjia

August 10, 2014

Rabia ibn Sulaiman reported: A man among the people of Balakh asked Ash-Shafi’ee about faith. Ash-Shafi’ee said to him, “What do you say about it?” The man said, “I say it is words alone.” Ash-Shafi’ee said, “From where do you say this?” The man said, “From the saying of Allah the Exalted: Verily, those who […]

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