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Hadith on Forgiveness: Forgive the oppressor, be good to the wrongdoer

November 2, 2016

Umi Al-Muradi reported: The verse was revealed, “Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant.” (7:199) The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said to the Angel Gabriel, “What does this mean?” Gabriel said, “I do not know until I ask the All-Knowing.” Gabriel returned and he said, “O Muhammad! Verily, Allah the Blessed and Almighty commands you to forgive those who wrong you, to give to those who deprive you, and to maintain relations with those who renounce you.”

Source: Tafsīr Abdul Razzāq 7:199

Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Al-Iraqi

Muhammad ibn Ja’far, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “Allah commanded his Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, to have noble character and there is no verse in the Quran more comprehensive about good character than this verse.”

Source: Madārij al-Sālikīn 2/290

عَنْ أُمَيٍّ الْمُرَادِيِّ قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِجِبْرِيلَ مَا هَذَا قَالَ لا أَدْرِي حَتَّى أَسْأَلَ الْعَالِمَ قَالَ فَأَتَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَأْمُرُكَ أَنْ تَعْفُوَ عَمَّنْ ظَلَمَكَ وَتُعْطِيَ مَنْ حَرَمَكَ وَتَصِلَ مَنْ قَطَعَكَ

7:199 تفسير القرآن لعبد الرزاق الصنعاني

3/61 المحدث العراقي خلاصة حكم المحدث إسناده أسانيده حسان في تخريج الإحياء

قَالَ جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ رحمه الله أَمَرَ اللَّهُ نَبِيَّهُ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِمَكَارِمِ الْأَخْلَاقِ وَلَيْسَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ آيَةٌ أَجْمَعُ لِمَكَارِمِ الْأَخْلَاقِ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ

2/290 مدارج السالكين