Hadith on Sects: The Muslims will split into seventy three sects

March 27, 2016

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The Jews were split into seventy one or seventy two sects, and the Christians were split as well. My nation will split into seventy three sects.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2640, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to At-Tirmidhi

Ash-Shatibi said, “Indeed, this splitting has happened due to the presence of aggression and hatred. If that is the case, then it is sinful disobedience and not religious innovation. Its example is what happened to the people of Islam when they split due to worldly reasons, such as the division between one town with another because of transgression in wealth or bloodshed.”

Source: Kitāb al-I’tiṣām 2/702

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ تَفَرَّقَتْ الْيَهُودُ عَلَى إِحْدَى وَسَبْعِينَ أَوْ اثْنَتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً وَالنَّصَارَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَتَفْتَرِقُ أُمَّتِي عَلَى ثَلَاثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً

2640 سنن الترمذي كتاب الإيمان ما جاء في افتراق هذه الأمة

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

قال الشاطبي إِنَّ هَذِهِ الْفِرَقَ إِنْ كَانَتِ افْتَرَقَتْ بِسَبَبٍ مُوقِعٍ فِي الْعَدَوَاةِ وَالْبَغْضَاءِ فَإِمَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ رَاجِعًا إِلَى أَمْرٍ هُوَ مَعْصِيَةٌ غَيْرُ بِدْعَةٍ وَمِثَالُهُ أَنْ يَقَعَ بَيْنَ أَهْلِ الْإِسْلَامِ افْتِرَاقٌ بِسَبَبٍ دُنْيَوِيٍّ كَمَا يَخْتَلِفُ مَثَلًا أَهْلُ قَرْيَةٍ مَعَ قَرْيَةٍ أُخْرَى بِسَبَبِ تَعَدٍّ فِي مَالٍ أَوْ دَمٍ

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