Hadith on Tafsir: The cause of revelation for Surat at-Tahreem

March 26, 2016

Aisha reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would spend time with his wife Zainab bint Jahsh and he would drink a concoction of honey. Hafsa and I agreed that whomever the Prophet visited first, we would say, “I notice a strong odor of mimosa gum on you.” The Prophet visited one of them and she said this to him, so the Prophet said, “I have taken a honey drink at Zainab’s house and I will not do it again.” The verse was revealed, “Why do you forbid yourself from what Allah has made lawful for you?” (66:1) And the verse, “If you two repent,” (66:4) refers to Aisha and Hafsa. And the verse, “When the Prophet confided to one of his wives,” (66:3) refers to his drinking honey.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 4628, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1474

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

عن عائشة أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ يَمْكُثُ عِنْدَ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ جَحْشٍ فَيَشْرَبُ عِنْدَهَا عَسَلًا قَالَتْ فَتَوَاطَيْتُ أَنَا وَحَفْصَةُ أَنَّ أَيَّتَنَا مَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَلْتَقُلْ إِنِّي أَجِدُ مِنْكَ رِيحَ مَغَافِيرَ أَكَلْتَ مَغَافِيرَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَى إِحْدَاهُمَا فَقَالَتْ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ بَلْ شَرِبْتُ عَسَلًا عِنْدَ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ جَحْشٍ وَلَنْ أَعُودَ لَهُ فَنَزَلَ لِمَ تُحَرِّمُ مَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكَ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ إِنْ تَتُوبَا لِعَائِشَةَ وَحَفْصَةَ وَإِذْ أَسَرَّ النَّبِيُّ إِلَى بَعْضِ أَزْوَاجِهِ حَدِيثًا لِقَوْلِهِ بَلْ شَرِبْتُ عَسَلًا

4628 صحيح البخاري كتاب تفسير القرآن سورة التحريم باب يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضاة أزواجك والله غفور رحيم

1474 صحيح مسلم كتاب الطلاق باب وجوب الكفارة على من حرم امرأته ولم ينو الطلاق