Umar on Honor: The honor of a man is in his use of reason, his religion, and his character

June 20, 2014

Al-Mawardi reported: Umar ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The foundation of a man is his intellect, his honor is in his religion, and his chivalry is in his character.”

Source: Adab al-Dunyā wal-Dīn 17

Al-Ghazali said, “Reason is the source and fountainhead of knowledge, as well as its foundation. Knowledge sprouts from it as the fruit does from a tree, as light comes from the sun, and as vision comes from the eye. How then could that which is the means of happiness in this life and the Hereafter not be considered the most honored? Or how could it be doubted?”

Source: Iḥyāʼ Ulūm al-Dīn 1/83

عن الماوردي وَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ أَصْلُ الرَّجُلِ عَقْلُهُ وَحَسَبُهُ دِينُهُ وَمُرُوءَتُهُ خُلُقُهُ

17 أَدَبُ الدُّنْيَا وَالدِّينِ الْبَابُ الْأَوَّلُ فَضْلُ الْعَقْلِ وَذَمُّ الْهَوَى العقل الغريزي

وقال الغزالي والعقل منبع العلم ومطلعه وأساسه والعلم يجري منه مجرى الثمرة من الشجرة والنور من الشمس والرؤية من العين فكيف لا يشرف ما هو وسيلة السعادة في الدنيا والآخرة أو كيف يستراب فيه

1/83 إحياء علوم الدين كتاب العلم في العقل وشرفه وحقيقته وأقسامه