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Umar on War: No permission to kill women, children, or non-combatants

April 20, 2014

Yahya ibn Yahya Al-Ghasani reported: I wrote to Umar ibn Abdul Aziz and I asked him about the verse, “Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress,” (2:190) Umar wrote back to me, saying, “This refers to women, children, and whoever is not waging war against you among them.”

Source: Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī 2:190

عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَحْيَى الْغَسَّانِيِّ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ أَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِهِ وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ فِي النِّسَاءِ وَالذُّرِّيَّةِ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَنْصِبْ لَكَ الْحَرَبَ مِنْهُمْ

2:190 تفسير سورة البقرة القول في تأويل قوله تعالى وقاتلوا في سبيل الله الذين يقاتلونكم ولا تعتدوا إن الله لا يحب المعتدين