Hadith on Jihad: The Prophet fought for freedom to practice Islam, not to be dictator over people

December 28, 2012

Jabir reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “I have been commanded to fight the people until they say there is no God but Allah. So when they say there is no God but Allah then they will be granted protection from me for their lives and property, except by right of justice, and their reckoning is with Allah.” Then the Prophet recited the verse, “Verily, you are only a reminder. You are not over them as a dictator.” (88:22)

Source: Sahih Muslim 21, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Imam Muslim

Ibn Taymiyyah said, “The meaning of this tradition is to fight those who are waging war whom Allah has called us to fight, and it does not mean to fight those who have made peace with whom Allah has commanded us to fulfill their peace.”

Source: Majmu’ Al-Fatawa 19/20

Ibn Rajab said, “The meaning is that your duty is only to remind them about Allah and to preach to them. You do not have authority to enter faith into their hearts by force and you are not responsible for that.”

Source: Jami’ Uloom wal-Hikam 8

عَنْ جَابِرٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَقُولُوا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ فَإِذَا قَالُوا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ عَصَمُوا مِنِّي دِمَاءَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ إِلَّا بِحَقِّهَا وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

21 صحيح مسلم كتاب الإيمان باب الأمر بقتال الناس حتى يقولوا لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله

قال ابن تيمية مُرَادُهُ قِتَالُ الْمُحَارِبِينَ الَّذِينَ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ فِي قِتَالِهِمْ لَمْ يُرِدْ قِتَالَ الْمُعَاهَدِينَ الَّذِينَ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِوَفَاءِ عَهْدِهِمْ

19/20 مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية أصول الفقه الاتباع رسالة إيضاح الدلالة في عموم الرسالة فصل أرسل الله رسوله محمدا إلى جميع الثقلين

قال ابن رجب وَالْمَعْنَى إِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ تَذْكِيرُهُمْ بِاللَّهِ وَدَعْوَتُهُمْ إِلَيْهِ وَلَسْتَ مُسَلَّطًا عَلَى إِدْخَالِ الْإِيمَانِ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ قَهْرًا وَلَا مُكَلَّفًا بِذَلِكَ

8 جامع العلوم والحكم الحديث الثامن أمرت أن أقاتل الناس حتى يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله