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Hadith on Dowry: The Prophet approves of gold as a dowry gift for the marriage of Abdur Rahman ibn Awf

October 13, 2012

Anas ibn Malik reported: Abdur Rahman ibn Awf married a woman and he gave her the weight of a date stone in gold as a dowry. When the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, noticed the signs of happiness on his face, he asked him about it and Abdur Rahman said, “Indeed, I have married a woman and I have given her the weight of a date stone in gold.”

Source: Sahih Bukhari 4853, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

Ibn Hajar reported: Umar ibn Al-Khattab said, “Do not exaggerate in the dowry given to women.” A woman said, “You cannot do that, O Umar, for Allah said: You have given them a great amount of gold,” (4:20) and this was according to the recitation of Ibn Mas’ud. So Umar said, “The woman has disputed Umar and she has defeated him.”

In another narration, Umar said, “The woman is right and the man is wrong.” The basis of this story is the statement of Umar, “Do not exaggerate in your charity towards women,” as recorded by the compilers of the Sunan books and authenticated by Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim.

Source: Fath ul-Bari 4853

عَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ عَوْفٍ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً عَلَى وَزْنِ نَوَاةٍ فَرَأَى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَشَاشَةَ الْعُرْسِ فَسَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي تَزَوَّجْتُ امْرَأَةً عَلَى وَزْنِ نَوَاةٍ

4853 صحيح البخاري كتاب النكاح باب قول الله تعالى وآتوا النساء صدقاتهن نحلة وكثرة المهر وأدنى ما يجوز من الصداق

قَالَ عُمَرُ لَا تُغَالُوا فِي مُهُورِ النِّسَاءِ فَقَالَتِ امْرَأَةٌ لَيْسَ ذَلِكَ لَكَ يَا عُمَرُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ وَآتَيْتُمْ إِحْدَاهُنَّ قِنْطَارًا مِنْ ذَهَبٍ قال وكذلك هي في قراءة ابن مسعود فَقَالَ عُمَرُ امْرَأَةٌ خَاصَمَتْ عُمَرَ فَخَصَمَتْهُ

فَقَالَ عُمَرُ امْرَأَةٌ أَصَابَتْ وَرَجُلٌ أَخْطَأَ وَأَصْلُ قَوْلِ عُمَرَ لَا تَغَالَوْا فِي صَدَقَاتِ النِّسَاءِ عِنْدَ أَصْحَابِ السُّنَنِ وَصَحَّحَهُ ابْنُ حِبَّانَ وَالْحَاكِمُ

4853 فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري